«High-speed Railway»
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News

25 may

In General: We Must be More Active

Further development of rapid and high-speed service needs the building of special lines, which is especially topical under the preparations for 2018 FIFA World Cup.

In 2010 transport industry worked stably and the year result on a number of indicators exceeded pre-crisis one. Particulary, indicators of a cargo turnover (+27%) and ridership (+20%) on airlines was exceeded comparably to 2008. At the same time the general volume of investments comparably to 2009 had grown for 16.5% to 980 bln rubles. But it is still considerably under infrastructure demands of economics and plans approved before the crisis. If investments in USA and Europe are only 3% from GDP then in emerging China it is 6% and in Russia — 2.2%.

At the same time, solution of strategic missions of the country economics development is not practical without forming of united transport space of the country.

Railway

The high-profile event on railways in 2010 was the development of a rapid service: “Sapsan” trains began to run on Moscow — Nizhniy Novgorod route, traffic density raised on Moscow — St Petersburg line. In December the rapid railway service were launched between Russia and Finland. As a result the travel time between St Petersburg and Helsinki was cut almost in half. But reserves of using of existing railways for a rapid service in European part of the country are almost exhausted. Every new passenger train leads to the limitation of commute and freight traffic. Further development of rapid and high-speed service requires building of special lines, which is especially topical under the preparations for 2018 FIFA World Cup.

Considerable growth of railroading volume in the line of Far East ports and border-crossing points and back makes it’s our mission to eliminate bottle necks and to modernize the current infrastructure. The highest premium here is to set on Transsib development as a most loaded direction for the moment. The mainline feeds regions where 50% of industrial capacity of the country is concentrated, more than 65% of coal is mining, 20% of oil is refining and 25% of industrial wood is producing. Transsib technological capacity allows to transport no more than 120 mln tons of freights per year now.

Another important direction is the modernization of Baikal-Amur Mainline which load is from 7.5 to 22 mln tons depending on a district. Increase of freight traffic on BAM will depend specifically on intensity of a mining industry development in BAM influence area and buildup of port facilities on Vanino-Sovgavanskiy transport hub.

To execute these plans the further infrastructure development of Transsib and BAM zones is necessary. In addition the mutual development of railway infrastructure and seaports is the most important factor in solving problems that face the industry.

Water Transport

In sphere of water transport the growth of raw hydrocarbon deposits production on Arctic Shelf of Russia faces us a task to develop freight transportation on Northern Sea Route. Using of this route with modern technology level become more and more attractive. For example, the distance on Rotterdam — Yokohama route with use of Northern Sea Route is 7345 sea miles while through Suez Canal it is 11 205 sea miles. The difference is 3860 sea miles (or 34%).

Today priority is plotting new routes in Arctic and, particularly, transit routes; involving Northern Sea Route into the international transport corridors system but with preservation of Russian jurisdiction over this mainline. A number of high-tech atomic icebreakers and ships of service fleet will be built for this task. 

The beginning of engineering and construction of such ships is stipulated by the “Development of transport system of Russia” Federal Target Program. In 2010 the first convoys travelled on Northern Sea Route.

One of the most ambitious projects for inland waterways development is the complex reconstruction of hydraulic structures and enlargement of extension of inland waterways. Today it is urgent  to build new port facilities on rivers which can do processing of different kinds of freight among all types of transport and being multimodal transport centers created with attraction of private funds. The first successful projects are the building of Sviyazhskiy and Rostovskiy transport hubs.

It is also necessary to develop a program of modern low-profile river fleet. AN important task is using GLONASS system for electronic map navigation.

Air carriages

To provide accessibility of passenger air travels from Far East from 2009 the subsidy assistance for air carriers which provide carriage of passengers aged from 23 to 60 from this region to the European part of the country and back in economy class. In 2010 the volume of such carriages grew almost on 2%. The new mechanism of regional air carriages is the creation of fiscal enterprises. In a long-term perspective the widen of support and forming of conditions for attraction of private funds to airfield infrastructure is planned.

Roads

In order to develop the road system in 2010 the building of the federal Chita —  Khabarovsk highway was finished. It connects the central part of Russia with its eastern borders. At the same time a considerable number of countryside places don't have paved roads connection with a system of public road system. This problem will be solved during realization of the strategy by 2030.

It is also necessary to build new roads with will connect not only different regions but become modern transit corridors satisfying international requirements. One of such highways will be the transit corridor Europe — Western China authorization of which is already finished.

Investments

The paramount task is attraction of investments to the transport infrastructure but Russian transport companies are not very attractive: we  have only six companies whose shares are traded on exchanges and trading platforms in Russia and abroad. (“Transcontainer”, Novorossiysk Commercial Seaport, Fesco, “Aeroflot”, “Globaltrans”, “Mostotrest”). Few companies placed debt instruments (eurobonds: Russian Railways,  “Transneft”, “Sovcomflot”; ruble bonds: “Aeroflot”, “Transaero”, “Transcontainer”, “Globaltrans”, Russian Railways).

To develop Private Public Partnership in 2010 state guarantees was used for the first time: the Ministry of Finance issued them to concessioners and state owned enterprise “Avtodor” to bonded loans. In total guarantees was issued for 50 bln rubles. It is less than the half of stipulated in the budget 2010. In my view transport companies used the mechanism of state guarantees insufficiently in the passed year. I hope that in after years the situation will change. Without attracting of new investments it is impossible to achieve good results, stipulated in the transport stra.

Source: “Vedomosti

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